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Petroglyph Cave one of the cave art mysteries in Cuba
Located in the Sierra of Galeras, it was first explored in 1944 by an expedition led by Cuban professor Antonio Núñez Jiménez, allegedly the first person who reported Indian evidence in the cavern.

Among the trace remains found at that time, stands out a silica rock mortar, a marine snail and a human jaw, findings that encouraged consecutive explorations to the site.

Later research studies made by Cuban archaeologists and speleologists with the lead of the above mentioned scientist, demonstrated that Constantino Cave System treasures 36 designs as both petroglyphs and pictographs made by early civilizations.

“Those lines visible on rocks, generally parallels and with circles in between, could mean primitive numeral techniques”, some experts of the Cuban Speleological Society assure.

According to members of the expedition, the cave art of the grotto is related to Mesolithic groups; they have also found several osseous remains scattered all over the spot.

Detailed investigations confirmed the remains collected matched features of indigenous inhabitants, in this case three persons: a man, a woman and an about three year-old child.

“Bones, old tools and cave paintings proved the presence in that area of communities living in an average economic stage of appropriation”, they affirmed.

Some research studies made, taking into account the lines, point out that number 10 and its multiples were very significant in the life of these primitive inhabitants.

One of the murals found represents a complex figure formed by 340 lines and 11 circles which, according to specialists, shows the intention to isolate groups of 10, 20 and 30.

There is nothing odd in that idea of numbers since “these theories, in addition, are based in the practice of counting on toes and fingers, typical of those early populations”, assures specialist Divaldo A. Gutiérrez in an article dedicated to unfurl the symbolism of the cave.

Theories and findings invite us to rake over and over again through the underground mazes of the cave system, former indigenous territory in Cuba.


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