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HIV prevalence in Cuba ranges between 15 and 49 year old people meaning 01 percent
The Cuban government official said that his country defends the enjoyment of the highest possible levels of physical and mental health as a basic human right in all parts of the world.

No country has escaped the impact of HIV-Aids and only a few nations, have achieved the reduction of mortality rates by using medications whose cost is high and irrational, said Rancaño pointing to the developed countries.

Many other countries, those poor ones, experience a fall of their population?s expectancy of life and a demographic decrease which could lead to extinction, he warned.

The world is facing increasing poverty, the effects of climate change and the food crisis, while HIV-Aids continues to expand in countries with adverse economic and social conditions, the Cuban official pointed out and noted that over two thirds of the people suffering from HIV-Aids in the world live in Africa, where the sub-saharan region continues to be the most affected zone of the world, with 4,7 million people infected with HIV-Aids.

Cuba has showed its political commitment in its response to HIV Aids by implementing crucial strategies like the priority given by the state to the health of the population, said Rancaño who also referred to the Cuban National Health System characterized by being universal, free of charge and accessible to all and by an organizational structure based on the community.

The Cuban HIV-Aids Control and Prevention Program, which has been implemented since 1986, guarantees one hundred percent of the population full access to necessary services. The program includes educative actions, control and anti-retroviral treatment to all those who need it, as well as comprehensive support to the infected persons, said the official.

Rancaño also denounced the impact by the US economic, financial and commercial blockade on the Cuban health sector. However, he said, despite the limited access to new medications produced in the world by US enterprises or their subsidiaries, Cuba continues to counter the disease.

HIV prevalence in Cuba ranges between 15 and 49 year old people; meaning 01 percent, said the Rancaño and he explained that mortality levels began to fall after the anti-retroviral treatment was implemented in 2001.

Since the disease was detected in Cuba, only 32 cases of mother-to-child transmission has been reported, while the local attention program for women and children reaches all fertile women in the country, he said.

In his statement at the UN Conference, the Cuban deputy health minister recalled the assistance given by Cuba to developing countries to train medical personnel, and he pointed to the presence of over 35, 000 Cuban medical workers in 71 countries of the world.     

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