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One of the rare species of the Alejandro de Humboldt National Park

The park was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001 because of its size, altitudinal diversity, complex lithologies, landform diversity, and diversity of endemic flora and fauna. The fresh water rivers that flow off the peaks of the park are some of the largest in the insular Caribbean and because of this have high freshwater biological diversity.

Its size, the height diversity and the complex lothology of land forms have brought about a wide range of ecosystems and unique species in the islands of the Caribbean.

The Park used to be a shelter in ancient times, particularly in the ice age. The rivers that flow from the hills of the Park are the largest of the Caribbean that is why they host a rich biodiversity.

Alejandro de Humboldt Park is an excellent example of todays evolution processes of species and communities in the rocks which are special challenges for the survival of the vegetation.

The National Park comprises the most important natural habitats of the Caribbean for the preservation of the land biodiversity. It has 16 from 28 vegetation formation defined by , which is a unique biogeography province.

It is one of the most important sites for the preservation of the endemic flora in all Western Hemisphere - almost the 70% of the 1, 302 species of spermatophytes already mentioned, from a total of 1,800-2,000, are endemic of the Park.

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