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The official journalist Luis Sexto has indicated in an interview to the state agency ACN that it is lamentable to see sometimes how a newspaper walks on one side and reality on the other; and "people realize because they are the ones who live".

"A country without a press that accompanies it, not only in the good but in the negative, will be limping," said the president of the National Ethics Commission of the Union of Journalists of Cuba (UPEC), who has worked in the media State Workers, Juventud Rebelde and the magazine Bohemia.

The official Cuban media usually have a well-established agenda, where they avoid criticizing in depth the Cuban reality, nor point out the inefficiency of the top leaders of the regime, as did the state journalist Talía González last week, pointing out that the food shortage is due First, the US embargo or the mistakes of the citizens.

Also, a few days after the passage of the tornado that devastated some neighborhoods of Havana last January, the state media ignored the catastrophe and offered its usual programming, just to mention some examples.

According to Sexto, journalists in Cuba must deal with their "possibility and capacity with the limitations that a few years ago are hanging over journalism." In this sense, he pointed out that "professional limitations contribute to increase those that already come from the institutions".

Cuban society is changing in very difficult circumstances, and in line with it, journalism has to be transformed, because it becomes a force to bring clarity and confidence, said Sexto. "The challenges of Cuban journalism today are, simply, to do journalism," he added also the José Martí National Prize for Journalism 2009.

However, the new Cuban Constitution, approved on February 24 with more than 86% of the votes in favor, although it recognizes freedom of the press does so only "in accordance with the law and the aims of society."

In article 55, the Magna Carta establishes that "the State establishes the principles of organization and functioning for all means of social communication". In addition, they specify that "they are socialist property of the entire people or political, social and mass organizations, and can not be the object of another type of property."

Although in recent years many independent media have emerged, mostly blocked in the country, the State Council still does not take into account these diverse voices of the Cuban reality, which insist on qualifying as contrary to its 60-year regime .

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