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Cuba has revolutionized its electric-energy system and at this moment produces 20 percent more.
The increase has been possible thanks to a radical change in the conceptions regarding the generation, distribution and use of the electric current that guided some 70 percent of the 169 municipalities of the country to have independent generators.

Besides consuming less fuel, those plants have the strategic objective of allowing the nation to conserve its vitality, even under adverse climatological conditions or in any other disaster.

At the same time, the Cubans have acquired, at reasonable prices and with payment facilities, a figure superior to the 22 million and a half efficient electrical appliances. They are also benefited by the substitution of wires and devices that involve potential dangers and diminish the voltage.

As the leader of the Revolution, Fidel Castro, omened in the 2005, at this moment no national industry is stopped due to energy lack and the population doesn't suffer the annoying blackouts that were caused by the insufficient electricity generation.

María Teresa Bermúdez, from La Victoria neighborhood, in Las Tunas city, 670 kilometers to the east of Havana, recognizes that such transformations have improved the quality of life for the majority of the population, especially for the working women.

"Although there are still ellectric interruptions, the reality is very different", she told the Cuban News Agency while she was preparing her pot to cook some beans.

According to Engineer Arisbel Cruz, technical director of the Electric Company in this eastern province, the blackouts occur because with the massive delivery of electrical appliances, the demand has increased and the bad quality of the wires cannot guarantee the all consumption.

Referring to this topic, the also engineer Alberto Pavón, commercial director of the entity, asserted that at this moment the affectations are not so reiterated and the average doesn't surpass the 30 minutes, previously the blackouts lasted more than seven or eight hours.

The specialist said that his company makes all the possible efforts to guarantee the service and exemplified with the elimination of the low voltage in 640 areas, what means 88 percent in the territory.

Undoubtedly, the Energy Revolution constitutes one of the economic, social and environmental processes of more importance for the Cuban family in the last years and it has special meaning for the population of the eight municipalities of Las Tunas.

It is enough to say that a report from the Center of Social Investigations of the Cuban Institute of Radio and Television published in April 2005 that 52 percent of the homes in this territory used firewood or vegetable coal as main fuel and most of the other family nuclei used kerosene.

Besides economizing fuel, electricity and foreign currencies, the Cuban energy program guarantees the protection of the environment and improves the quality of people's life.


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