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In Cuba Literary pieces from the 19th and 20th century to be restored
Found in the Institute for Literature and Language, it is an indispensable source of consultation for researchers and scholars.

The director of the Institute, Nuria Gregori, said that the reason for the deterioration of the texts that are being rescued was the frailty of the means and the paper used at the time, which was prone to an easy deterioration.

In declarations to the Granma newspaper, she pointed out that the deterioration is also contributed by the high humidity level of the tropic, the closeness of the sea and atmospheric pollution.

The restoration process includes a financing from UNESCO, as part of the Historic Memory program, which also covers the funds from the National Archives, the José Martí Library and the Cuban Institute for the Arts and Cinematographic Industry.

The acclimatization system of the Fernando Ortiz will be modernized during the year 2008 for the protection of its funds, estimated to be more than a million documents, among them eight book from before the year 1500, when there was still no printing press.

The center treasures also the only existing copies of the La América magazine, edited between 1882 and 1884 in New York by the Cuban intellectual and hero of the independence José Martí and two thousand copies of strange books, some of them from the 15th century.

Among its most valuable pieces are an unpublished letter by the Spanish poet Federico García Lorca and the First Volume of the first edition of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha, by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, printed in 1608.

There are also in its archives a hundred and forty personal documents from famous examples of Cuban culture such as Nicolás Guillén and Mirta Aguirre, among others.

The Fernando Ortiz Library was founded in July 1793 through an initiative of the Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País (Economic Society of the Friends of the Country).


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