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High blood pressure in pregnancy is known as preeclampsia, although some women denominate the illness as toxemia.

The specialists of the health assert that is it possible to establish the difference between preeclampsia and an existent hypertension prior pregnancy.

The first one appears after 20 weeks of gestation and during the childbirth. It is also accompanied by the loss of proteins via the urine and increase of the volume (inflammation of inferior members, face and hands).

On the contrary, when a woman suffers of chronic hypertension, the increase of her blood pressure is present previous to the pregnancy or before the 20 weeks.

The most accepted theory considers that the dysfunction is result of a defect in the migration of the placenta that damages the sanguine veins and ends up affecting the exchange of blood between the mother and the fetus, so the fetal growth also suffers.

Some of the factors of risks for the preeclampsia are related with the first childbirth or with those that are conceived before the 20 years old and after 35 years old.

According to the specialists the multiple pregnancy, the undernourished patients and the overweight constitute factors of risk, although it is more usual in women whose mothers or sisters have suffered from that dysfunction.

Among the fundamental manifestations of the preeclampsia are the increase of the blood pressure, exaggerated increase of weight, headache and stomachache, vomits, loss of proteins via urine and the swelling of hands and face, mainly.

Manifestations like these are the threshold of what can be the beginning of a crisis of incalculable consequences. That is why, the precocious care of the pregnant women is very important to develop healthy dietary habits. They must rest from eight to 12 hours a day and control their blood pressure everyday.

Source: Tiempo21

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