Pinar del Río with high marine biodiversity
- Submitted by: admin
- Pinar del Río
- Science and Technology
- 01 / 12 / 2008
According to some specialists of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment (CITMA), the northwestern region of this territory, Ana Maria and Guacanayabo Gulfs, as well as the narrow strip of the insular shelf at the edge of the eastern provinces have the highest records so far.
Over the last 25 years, research studies about life in those national ecosystems have increased, specially at the southern part of Havana, and Sabana- Camaguey archipelago, regions distinguisehd by fishing and tourism.
Cuba reports around 500 macroalgae species, which are used in biomedical industry, cosmetology and feeding; more than 20 thousand vertebrates, mainly fish, and curious animals such as the manatee, a sea mammal able to weigh a thousand pounds.
This huge process of distribution of marine biodiversity of the current world, is the result of more than 3,5 billion years, and Cuban scientists take care of it through several projects on environmental education, including campaigns to protect coastal habitats, stressing the reduction of animal captures.
This archipelago has 108 marine areas on proposal stage, 49 out of them are recognized all over the country because of their valuable resources, while there are two other ways of protection: diving zones and those areas placed under special regime of use by the Ministry of Fishery.